Perth is served by Perth Airport in the city's east for regional, domestic and international flights and Jandakot Airport in the city's southern suburbs for general aviation and charter flights. Reduced rainfall in the region over recent decades had greatly lowered inflow to reservoirs and affected groundwater levels. Major community radio stations include RTRFM (92.1FM), Sonshine FM (98.5FM),[115] SportFM (91.3FM)[116] and Curtin FM (100.1FM).[117]. Perth is home to four public universities: the University of Western Australia, Curtin University, Murdoch University, and Edith Cowan University.

[12], The Dutch Captain Willem de Vlamingh and his crew made the first documented sighting of the present-day Perth region by Europeans on 10 January 1697. [59] While snow has never been recorded in the Perth CBD, light snowfalls have been reported in outer suburbs of Perth in the Perth Hills around Kalamunda, Roleystone and Mundaring. The most recent estimation of the population in Perth, Western Australia in 2016 shows a population of 2,022,044. It is also the state's only university to have produced a Nobel Laureate:[111] Barry Marshall, who graduated with a Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery in 1975 and was awarded a joint Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine in 2005 with Robin Warren. Although one of the major sets of services it provides is related to the resources industry and, to a lesser extent, agriculture, most people in Perth are not connected to either; they have jobs that provide services to other people in Perth.[104]. The influx of residents into the growing city means that only 59.6% of people living in Perth were born in Australia, compared to a national average of 69.8%. Perth has also been home to a small Jewish community since 1829[73]  – numbering 5,082 in 2006 – who have emigrated primarily from Eastern Europe and more recently from South Africa. [35][36], Perth's development and relative prosperity, especially since the mid-1960s,[37] has resulted from its role as the main service centre for the state's resource industries, which extract gold, iron ore, nickel, alumina, diamonds, mineral sands, coal, oil, and natural gas. [173], This article is about the capital of Western Australia. The Eagles, the older club, is one of the most successful teams in the league, and one of the largest sporting clubs in Australia.The next level of football is the Western Australian Football League, comprising nine clubs each having a League, Reserves and Colts team. Another development, also linked with rail standardisation, was in 1968 when the Kewdale Freight Terminal was developed adjacent to the Welshpool industrial area, replacing the former Perth railway yards. Perth (/ ˈ p ɜːr θ / (); Nyungar: Boorloo) is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia (WA). Perth is on the Swan River, named for the native black swans by Willem de Vlamingh, captain of a Dutch expedition and namer of WA's Rottnest Island, who discovered the birds while exploring the area in 1697. [132] The largest performance area within the State Theatre Centre, the Heath Ledger Theatre, is named in honour of Perth-born film actor Heath Ledger. Perth contains a number of important public buildings as well as various historic sites. A number of arcades run between Hay Street and Murray Street, including the Piccadilly Arcade, which housed the Piccadilly Cinema until it closed in late 2013. Workforce decentralisation and transport improvements made it possible for the establishment of small-scale manufacturing in the suburbs.

The local business paper is Western Australian Business News. Medium age of Perth is 32 compared medium age of Australia is 37. Perth has hosted numerous state and international sporting events. Winters are mild and wet, giving Perth a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa). It has grown steadily since World War II due to a high net migration rate. It is Australia's fourth-most populous city, with a population of 2.14 million living in Greater Perth. A trial winter (1 June – 31 August) sprinkler ban was introduced in 2009 by the State Government, a move which the Government later announced would be made permanent.

[64], With more than 2 million residents, Perth is one of the most isolated major cities in the world. Australian rules football is the most popular spectator sport in Perth – nearly 23% of Western Australians attended a match at least once in 2009–2010. [54][55] Perth has an average of 8.8 hours of sunshine per day, which equates to around 3200 hours of sunshine and 138.7 clear days annually, making it Australia's sunniest capital city. In April 2010 a new community station, West TV, began transmission (in digital format only). The Perth Arena is a building in the city link area that has received several architectural awards from institutions such as the Design Institute of Australia, the Australian Institute of Architects, and Colorbond. According to census, approximately 50.4% of the Perth population is females and 49.6% is males. Perth has a road network with three freeways and nine metropolitan highways. A quarter (25.1%) of people were recorded in the census as not religious, followed closely by Catholics (24.5%). 1.6% of the population, or 31,214 people, identified as Indigenous Australians (Aboriginal Australians and Torres Strait Islanders) in 2016. There is also a wide variety of public art and sculptures on display across the city, throughout the year.

Middle Eastern immigrants have a presence in Perth. Radio stations are on AM, FM and DAB+ frequencies. Perth (/ˈpɜːrθ/ (listen); Nyungar: Boorloo) is the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia (WA). Perth has its own local newsreaders on ABC (James McHale), Seven (Rick Ardon, Susannah Carr), Nine (Michael Thomson) and Ten (Monika Kos). Joondalup's central business district is largely a shopping and retail area lined with townhouses and apartments, and also features Lakeside Joondalup Shopping City.

Captain James Stirling, aboard Parmelia, said that Perth was "as beautiful as anything of this kind I had ever witnessed". Perth’s population density is 317.7 people per square kilometer, which is ranking 4th most populated state capital city in Australia. [126][127] The city's main performance venues include the Riverside Theatre within the Perth Convention Exhibition Centre,[128] the Perth Concert Hall,[129] the historic His Majesty's Theatre,[130] the Regal Theatre in Subiaco[131] and the Astor Theatre in Mount Lawley. This led to it being nicknamed the "City of Light". In addition to these Perth has hosted the Rally Australia of the World Rally Championships from 1989 to 2006, international Rugby Union games, including qualifying matches for 2003 Rugby World Cup. Registers of important buildings are maintained by the Heritage Council of Western Australia and local governments. Perth, like the rest of Australia, is governed by three levels of government: local, state, and federal.

[83] Perth is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Perth. The main newspapers for Perth are The West Australian and The Sunday Times. The jetty at Busselton is the longest wooden jetty in the southern hemisphere. The lowest temperature recorded in Perth was −0.7 °C (30.7 °F) on 17 June 2006. The Perth metropolitan area has two major river systems, one made up of the Swan and Canning Rivers, and one of the Serpentine and Murray Rivers, which discharge into the Peel Inlet at Mandurah. [156] Avon Valley, John Forrest and Yanchep national parks are areas of protected bushland at the northern and eastern edges of the metropolitan area.
In 1950, the population of Perth was 310,759. "The former close ties of manufacturing with near-central and/or rail-side locations were loosened. You can find out more about the demographics of Perth and Greater Perth by visiting the Australian Census Bureau’s website. Given that Perth is now facing unprecedented growth, the Committee for Perth is now concerned that adequate planning is necessary to accommodate a population of 3.5 million by 2050.

Winters are wet but mild, with most of Perth's annual rainfall between May and September. [citation needed] A state and federally funded project named Perth City Link sank a section of the railway line to allow easy pedestrian access between Northbridge and the CBD. Elizabeth Quay is also a notable attraction in Perth, featuring Swan Bells, a panoramic view of Swan River, and the sculpture Spanda by artist Christian de Vietri.
Perth is also the setting for various works by novelist Tim Winton, most notably Cloudstreet (1991). The population of Perth is divided into 6 planning subregions (Central, Peel, North-East, North-West, South-West and South-East), and Peel has had the largest growth recently of 4.7%. Tourism in Perth is an important part of the state's economy, with approximately 2.8 million domestic visitors and 0.7 million international visitors in the year ending March 2012. By 2016, there were 35,262 South Africans residing in Perth. Temperatures often fall below 30 °C (86 °F) a few hours after the arrival of the wind change. [70] Many Afrikaners and Anglo-Africans emigrated to Perth during the 1980s and 1990s, with the phrase "packing for Perth" becoming associated with South Africans who choose to emigrate abroad, sometimes regardless of the destination. [45] From the coast in the west to Mundaring in the east is a distance of approximately 50 km (30 mi). Prior to this, Perth's population had been almost completely Anglo-Celtic in ethnic origin. Industrial employment influenced the economic geography of Perth.

Perth is an Australian boom town. It gained city status in 1856, although the Perth City Council currently governs only a small area around the central business district. St John of God Murdoch and Subiaco Hospitals, and Hollywood Hospital are large privately owned and operated hospitals. [103], With significant population growth post-WWII,[105] employment growth occurred not in manufacturing but in retail and wholesale trade, business services, health, education, community and personal services and in public administration. [107], In 2012 the minimum requirements for students to receive their WACE changed[how?].[108]. [70] These are supported by the Australian Eurasian Association of Western Australia,[76] which also serves a community of Portuguese-Malacca Eurasian or Kristang immigrants.[77]. For the city in Scotland, see.

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